Pet Ear Health
Ear infections are one of the most common conditions in pets. The medical name for inflammation of the outer ear canal is 'otitis externa.' It is estimated that up to 20% of the dog population is affected.
Signs of these ear problems include:
What is Otitis Externa?
Otitis externa is a chronic inflammation of a dog external ear canal. Otitis media, meanwhile, is an inflammation of the dog's middle ear. Both of these terms are used to describe clinical symptoms and are not diseases in themselves.
Otitis externa often results when a change in the normal environment of the ear canal causes the glands lining the canal to enlarge and produce excessive wax. Gradually, the outer skin (epidermis) and the inner skin (dermis) produce excessive fibrous tissue (fibrosis) and the canal becomes narrowed. It is normally a secondary symptom of another underlying disease, such as an infection. Otitis externa causes pain, itching, and redness, and when the condition is chronic, it often results in a ruptured ear drum (tympanum) and otitis media.
Otitis media typically occurs as an extension of otitis externa, causing a ruptured membrane (tympanum) that separates the external ear and the middle ear. Otitis externa and otitis media affect dogs and cats of any age and breed, but long-eared dogs, such as spaniels and retrievers, and dogs with hairy external canals, such as terriers and poodles, are more susceptible.
Protect your dog or cat from developing Otitis media by treating Otitis externa with Zymox products.
Otitis Externa Causes
Otitis externa and otitis media can be caused by a variety of things. The primary causes are parasites, food allergies, drug reactions, foreign bodies (e.g., plant awns), accumulation of hair, dead skin buildup (keratinization), and autoimmune diseases.
Other factors that may contribute to the onset of the inflammatory conditions include bacterial infections, mixed infections caused by bacteria and fungal species, and progressive changes in the environment of the outer ear canal. Excessive moisture caused by swimming, or overzealous, abrasive, and improper ear cleaning may also lead to otitis externa and otitis media.
Otitis Externa Treatment
In most cases of otitis externa, a topical therapy (Zymox Ear Solution) following a complete cleansing of the external ear (Zymox Ear Cleanser) is an effective resolution to the problem. For resistant Pseudomonas or resistant Staph try Zymox Plus.
The topical therapy may consist of antibacterial, corticosteroid, anti-yeast, and antiseptic drops. In severe cases of otitis externa and otitis media -- where the presence of infectious organisms has been confirmed -- oral antibiotics and antifungals may be prescribed.
Corticosteroids may also be used to reduce the animal's pain and swelling. Hydrocortisone cream is used for: Reducing itching, redness, and swelling associated with many skin conditions. Hydrocortisone cream is a topical corticosteroid. It works by reducing skin inflammation (redness, swelling, itching, and irritation). Depending on the level of inflammation, Zymox has 3 levels of Hydrocortisone:
0.5% Hydrocortisone - Zymox Ear Solution HC-.5%
1% Hydrocortisone - Zymox Otic Ear Solution HC-1% Veterinarian Strenth
1% Hydrocortisone - Zymox Plus Otic- HC Extra Strength
Hydrocortisone Free - Zymox Otic Ear Solution - Hydrocortisone Free
Preventing Pet Ear Infections
The best way to prevent or reduce your pet's chances of developing and ear infection are to keep the ear clean. Cleaning your cat or dog's ears can help reduce wax build up, remove environmental debris, bacterial, fungus, and any excess moisture that leads to ear infections. Zymox Ear Cleanser is the perfect product to help keep ears clean and inhibit bacterial growth.
All product and company names are trademarks™ or registered® trademarks of their respective holders. Use of them does not imply any affiliation with or endorsement by them.